ASTM & SPECIALTY TESTS THAT WE DO

PHYSICAL TESTS

ASTM C 42 (Compressive strength)
ASTM C 67 (Brick tests)
ASTM C 157 (Length change)
ASTM C 1260 (ASR expansion)
ASTM C 1567 (ASR expansion)
ASTM C 586 (ACR expansion)
ASTM C 97 (Stone absorption)
ASTM C 642 (Density, Absorption, Voids)

SPECIALTY TESTS

X-ray Diffraction (e.g., ASTM C 1365

on XRD of cement and clinker)

Thermal Analysis TGA, DTG, DSC

(e.g., for masonry mortar in ASTM C 1324)

FTIR Spectroscopy (for organic and inorganic

functional groups)

For a complete list of tests and pricing please see our Fee Schedule.

MICROSCOPY (PETROGRAPHY)

ASTM C 295 (Aggregates)
ASTM C 457 (Air void analysis of concrete)
ASTM C 856 (Hardened Concrete)
ASTM C 1324 (Masonry mortar, Stucco)
ASTM C 1721 (Dimension stone)
ASTM C 1723 (SEM-EDS)

CHEMICAL TESTS

ASTM C 114 (Gypsum, Lime, Cement)
ASTM C 114 (Oxide Analysis by XRF)
ASTM C 1152 (Acid-soluble chloride)
ASTM C 1218 (Water-soluble chloride)
ASTM C 1202 (Chloride Permeability)
ASTM C 1324 (Masonry Mortar, Stucco, Grout)
ASTM C 1084 (Cement Content)
ASTM D 4327 (Ion Chromatography)

CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS THAT WE EXAMINE

CEMENT AND POZZOLAN

Portland Cement Clinker and Raw Feed
Portland Cements
Blended Cements
Natural Cements
Fly Ash, Slags, Silica Fume, Natural Pozzolans, Metakaoline, Rice Husk Ash
Expansive Cement
High Early Strength Cement
Gypsum Products
Lime Products

CONCRETE

Portland Cement Concrete
Blended Cement Concrete
High Performance Concrete
High Strength Concrete
Fiber Reinforced Concrete
Precast & Prestressed Concrete Products
Polymer-Modified Concrete
Rollar-Compacted Concrete
Self-Consolidating Concrete

AGGREGATES

Crushed Stone
Natural Sand and Gravel
Blast-Furnace Slag
Lightweight Aggregates
Manufactured Sand
Aggregate Dust, Mineral Fillers
Alkali-Aggregate Reactivity
Deleterious Constituents
Unsound Particles

MASONRY UNITS & MORTAR

Cement-Lime Mortar
Masonry Cement Mortar
Mortar Cement Mortar
Lime Mortar
Natural Cement - Lime Mortar
Historic Mortars
Gypsum-based Mortars
Clay Masonry Units
Concrete Masonry Units
Stone Masonry Units
Architectural Cast Stone

PLASTER

Portland Cement Plaster (Stucco)
Lime Plaster
Gypsum Plaster

TILE & FLOOR COVERING

VCT, Ceramic Tile, and Quarry Tile Failures
Gypsum-based Floor Covering
Floor Covering Failures

DIMENSION STONES

Limestone
Granite
Marble
Slate
Verde Antique

OTHER MATERIALS

Fill Materials
Repair and Patching Grouts and Mortars
Anchoring Grouts and Mortars
Shotcrete
Concrete and Mortar Pipes (Prestressed Concrete Cylinder Pipe, Reinforced Concrete Pipe, Sewer Pipe)
Concrete Chimney
Evaluation of novel cementitious products

For a complete list of tests and pricing please see our Fee Schedule.

FAILURE INVESTIGATIONS

CEMENT AND POZZOLAN

Low cement content

Excessive cement content

Slow strength gain of cement

Manufacturing Issues

False and Flash Setting

Improper fly ash type and/or content

Excessive carbon residue in fly ash and its effect on strength development and air environment in concrete

CONCRETE

Poor Quality Control
Failure to conform project specifications
Surface Scaling, Dusting, Spalling, Delamination, Blister, Discoloration, Mortar Lift-off, Cracking
Plastic and Drying Shrinkage Cracking
Slab curling and cracking
Corrosion of reinforcing steel in concrete and associated distress
Alkali-Aggregate Reactions (ASR & ACR)
Internal & External Sulfate Attacks
Seawater Attacks
Salt Attacks
Efflorescence, Staining, Discoloration
Delayed hydration of free lime and magnesia
Loss of Strength
Salt Hydration Distress
Acid and Alkali Attacks
Surface Abrasion and Erosion
Freezing of plastic or hardened concrete and associated distress
Abnormal (delayed or accelerated) setting
Fire attacks and related distress
Cement and Concrete Burns

AGGREGATES

Aggregate Popouts
Staining and discoloration due to unsound particles in aggregate
Pyrrhotite-related staining, discoloration, and cracking in aggregate and concrete
Pyrite staining and related cracking
Distress due to chemical or physical unsoundness of aggregates
Alkali-Silica Reactions and Related Distress in Concrete
Alkali-Carbonate Reactions and Related Distress in Concrete

MASONRY UNITS & MORTAR

Water leakage
Cracking
Freezing-related distress
Efflorescence, Staining, Discoloration
Salt attacks
Masonry units' discoloration, popout, staining
Weakened masonry-mortar bonds
Crumbling of masonry mortar

PLASTER (STUCCO) & GROUT

Stucco Discoloration, Rust Staining, Cracking, 

Corrosion of metal lath reinforcement

De-bondong of stucco from substrate

Deleterious reactions in stucco

Anchoring grout failures due to expansion and cracking

TILE & FLOOR COVERING

VCT, Ceramic Tile, and Quarry Tile Cracking, Discoloration, Blistering, Bumps, and De-bonding from Substrate
Gypsum-based Floor Covering Issues from Low Strength to De-bonding
Floor Covering Failures due to moisture and moisture-related deleterious reactions in concrete

DIMENSION STONES

Limestone staining, cracking, discoloration
Granite cracking, de-bonding
Marble discoloration, staining, and cracking
Slate cracking

MISCELLANEOUS ISSUES

Paint failures from plaster, drywall, concrete floor or other surfaces
Failure of topping or a protective coating from concrete substrate
Architectural cast stone failures

For a complete list of tests and pricing please see our Fee Schedule.

SUBMITTING SAMPLES

CONTACT US

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Address

Contact

Berkshire Center
4727 Route 30, Suite 104
Greensburg, PA 15601
USA

Phone: 724-834-3551

Fax: 724-834-3556

©2020 by Construction Materials Consultants, Inc.